Saturday, February 4, 2023

Ayman al-Zawahiri: From health care provider to terrorist-in-chief – Instances of India

Ayman al-Zawahiri, the Egyptian-born surge on turned-jihadi who assumed the leadership of al-Qaida right after the killing of Osama bin Laden, led a lifestyle steeped in secrecy, betrayal, conspiracy and violence, most murderously in the September 11 assaults towards the US in 2001.
While bin Laden, who was killed by a US raid in 2011, was commonly observed as the terrorist mastermind of individuals assaults, many counterterrorism gurus regarded al-Zawahiri a lot more liable.
With his white turban and dense, gray beard, his forehead marked by the bruising prized by some Muslims as denoting piety from regular prayer, alZawahiri experienced little of bin Laden’s charisma. But he was widely depicted as the intellectual backbone of al-Qaida — its main functioning officer, its general public relations govt, and a profound impact who helped bin Laden increase from a charismatic preacher into a lethal terrorist with world-wide reach.
During Zawahiri leadership of al-Qaida, the organisation’s international affect waned as the IS group rose. But the team remained a danger, with affiliates in several nations around the world carrying out attacks. And al-Zawahiri, to whom they all swore allegiance, was nevertheless one of the world’s most-needed terrorists at his dying.
From his teenage years in an upscale suburb of Cairo, al Zawahiri led a cat-and-mouse existence, serving jail phrases in Egypt and Russia and hunted by adversaries, including US counterterrorism authorities, who positioned a $25 million bounty on his head. But he seemed always to remain one stage ahead, hiding out in the craggy redoubts of Afghanistan and Pakistan’s tribal parts. A properly trained surgeon — 1 of his pseudonyms was The Medical doctor.
Over time, his aims and ideology advanced from a visceral hatred of secular rule in Egypt, to a virulent campaign to strike at the so-known as “far enemy,” the US. The group’s tactical energy lay in its ability to start amazing assaults, beginning with the simultaneous assaults on the US embassies in Tanzania and Kenya in 1998 and the suicide bombing of the American destroyer USS Cole in Yemen in 2000, and culminating in the 9/11 attacks. In the subsequent decade, US pursued bin Laden and al-Zawahiri. Drone strikes decimated Qaida’s management.
In Might 2011, a Navy SEAL group killed bin Laden in a raid. For a more than a thirty day period, al-Qaida was silent on its foreseeable future leadership. Then al-Zawahri set out a 28-moment video of himself. With a rifle in the track record and producing a chopping motion with his hand, he promised that bin Laden would carry on to “terrify” The usa. “Blood for blood,” he explained.

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